XIV, 2018, 2

Via Terrestris: A Difficult Moldo-Genoese Coexistence from the Time of Stephen the Great | p. 91–100

coexistence, high dignitary, land route, messenger, sea route


Since 1453, Via Terrestris, or the land route used by the Genoese to travel from Genoa to Caffa, in Crimeea, begins to appear more frequently in the written sources. Without substituting the traditional sea route, or the Via Maritima, this land route represented a much safer alternative especially for the transport of correspondence between the two medieval citadels. Next to this function, another one was added, of a diplomatic nature, since these couriers turned aside from their fixed destinations and visited kingly and princely courts in the region. Sometimes the route could even have an economical or military role. Last but not least, an important version of this route, which was not invented but institutionalized by the Genoese, passed through the Moldavian territory of Stephen the Great, thus constituting another element of Moldo-Genoese coexistence, not without incidents.