XIV, 2018, 2

Observations Regarding the Rose from the Coat of Arms of Stephen the Great and the Context after the Victory of Vaslui | p. 101–114

crusade, golden rose, Hungary, king of Bosnia, Moldavia, Stephen the Great


The present study was prompted by a heraldic element from the coat of arms of Stephen the Great. It analyses the possibility that the pope conferred the golden rose to the prince of Moldavia. The research focuses on the way the news about Vaslui victory reached Rome. The messenger of the victory was Nicholas of Ilok, a Hungarian nobleman, dubbed, at Rome, king of Bosnia and Wallachia. He is the one who also distributed in Italy copies of the victory letter of Stephen the Great, in which the voivode was called captain of the king of Hungary. The victory was exploited by the king of Hungary as a notable result of his in the crusade against the Turks, which explains the special reception of Nicholas of Ilok at Rome.
Regarding scene no. 34 from Corsia Sistina, the author considers that it combines the speech of Ladislaus Vetesi and the reception of the king of Bosnia, expressing Pope Sixtus’ support for the anti-Ottoman crusade. It could be a depiction of the offering of the golden rose, but this cannot be fully ascertained due to the present state of conservation and to the restoration from the end of the 16th century, which may have altered some of the details.