XVII, 2021, 1

The Kastoria 8 Asmatikon – A Middle Byzantine Enigma | p. 337–348

asmatikon, Byzantine Notation, cheironomy, hyperstases, kondakar


Since its discovery in 1965, the 14th─century Kastoria 8 Asmatikon has attracted scholarly attention. Distinguished by its two rows of neumes: a row of Middle Byzantine signs overlaid by a system of great hyperstases, its existence suggests that it bridges stages of notational development and chanting practices from an earlier period. Particularly noteworthy, its system of large signs could also provide a key to the Palaeoslavonic kondakarian musical notation which disappeared earlier in the 13th century.